MESSAGE FROM THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER
Welcome to Livelihood Enhancement and Association of the Poor (LEAP) Project, and thank you for visiting our website!
The Ministry of Interior is implementing a five-year project (2017-2022) with credit support of the World Bank. The joint efforts of all stakeholders performed the overall design of the LEAP project. Those included Technical Working Group of the Ministry of Interior, Phnom Penh City Hall, Siem Reap Provincial Administration, and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries to prepare concept notes and relevant documents, while the scope of the project was even more complicated. The development of the LEAP project aims to achieve multiple goals in both practical livelihood enhancement and contribution to the Government’s essential reform intended to alleviate poverty and ensure sustainable economic growth. So far, the World Bank has contributed to the process of critical changes that support the decentralization of sub-national development. The primary reasons for this are that the participation process of all stakeholders standing as an effective way to increase capacity and responsibility to meet the need of the poor.
The comprehensive development of decentralization at the sub-national level is the creation of a culture of democracy through promoting participation and responsibility of all. We can ignore when the people’s involvement considered the fundamental rights, duty, and human capital. One of the primary factors is to strengthen good governance, supporting the reform of decentralization and deco-centralization in Cambodia towards achieving sustainable economic development and social equity.
Today, with the current context of Cambodia, the Ministry of Interior is responsible for his principal duties to continuously enhance comprehensive democratization at both national and sub-national levels in political, economic, and social sectors. This innovative approach based on critical basic principles: continuously strengthening the rule of law, promoting freedom for all, political quarantine for all political parties, free and fair election, as well as social welfare and poverty reduction.
In 2017, sub-national democratic development (SNDD) was in the progress of a comprehensive and in-depth governance reform process. The structure of democratic development and good governance for Capital, Province, Municipality, District, and Commune/Sangkat administrations, have been reformulated based on the principles of the law on association and non-governmental organizations. The ten year-National Program for SNDD and the three year-implementation plan phases II completed in 2017, and phase III of SNDD (the last stage) has been in place and implementation from 2018 to 2020. The application of decentralization and deco-centralization at commune and Sangkat confirmed the positive results of promoting democracy at the community level through strengthening good governance, social accountability, and improving community livelihood, increasing the leadership capacity of women and man, and as well as better access to public service.
LEAP project is significant in contributing to critical reforms of the Government, including:
- The project supports the poverty reduction strategy of the Government through targeting 47 communes in Siem Reap and identified urban communities from 13 Sangkat in Phnom Penh. The component aims to: (1) create and strengthen weak community institutions, vulnerable populations in both Siem Reap and Phnom Penh, (2) business improvement and job opportunities, and (3) improving access to public service and community infrastructure for poor communities;
- strengthening local institutions – strengthening local institutions becomes an active organization with the capability and full responsibility for management, accountability, and efficiency remain priorities, which required continuous efforts towards achieving excellent results;
- Promoting participation in good governance is a must – a current, more integrated hypothesis suggests the involvement of multiple institutions is considered to be good governance for their daily work. LEAP project provides civil society, private sector, and other involved institutions with opportunities to participate in the request for the invitation for bidding, expression of interest, and partnership contract; and
- Promoting gender, inclusiveness, and social equity is necessary for the development of a three year-national action plan phase III. Local administrations to consider gender balance, child rights, inclusiveness, and social capital in their decision and implementation of their choice. It ensures public service and economic development in the communities harmonized in Cambodian society. The situation of the poor is women who permanently stay at home; the project could well intervene to enhance their livelihood when a man who is always working outside.
Therefore, the project’s strategy stressed the human dimension of sustainable development: genuine participation of stakeholders, including development partners, civil society organizations, and other forms of cooperation, is essential to progressive implementation to meet the basic need of target communities. We will continue our commitment to achieve project objectives as addressed in the timeframe, in compliance with legal procedure and agreement between the Government of Cambodia and the World Bank.
Samdech Kralahom Sar Kheng
Deputy Prime Minister
Ministry of Interior